Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Conditions and their families: a challenge for community nursing?

This paper describes the development and evaluation of the Keyhole® Early Intervention Model for preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Conditions.

Its four components are a Resource Kit for newly diagnosed families, a home-based intervention programme to develop social and communication skills; training workshops for parents and an education module for personnel working in early years services. Research evidence is presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of each.

Examples are given of the contributions which health visitors and community nurses could make to supporting families in some or all of these endeavours, especially as increasing numbers of children are being diagnosed with ASC in the United Kingdom.